The Background of the establishment of Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department

  1.  The veterinary services were undertaken by British army at 1874s. At 1937, this sector has been reorganized as Veterinary Division with the supervision of concerned Director. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Department was established with the cooperation of the Veterinary Division and Animal Husbandry Division under the cooperation of arable land and rural area development on 15 March 1972.
  2. In order to run all concerned processes of  livestock production to commercial level, it was deviated from Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Department and it was restructured as a isolated one with the name of Animal Husbandry Cooperation which was also known as Livestock, Feedstuffs and Milk Products Enterprise (LFME)) in April 1976. This department was renamed as Livestock, Breeding and Veterinary Department (LBVD) from the day that it was discharged from the supervision of Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and it was reorganized as a unique ministry known as Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries on 15 March 1983.
  3. In accordance with the decision of 19/2007 Cabinet meeting of the State Peace and Development Council held on 28 June 2007, Apiculture department was merged under the management of LBVD and 423 total staffs including 82 officers and 341 other ranks from Apiculture department was joined and this department was reestablished as 3715 total staffs including 490 officers and 3225 other ranks.
  4. The structure of LFME was cancelled and it was rebounded under the supervision of LBVD as Animal Husbandry Division in agreement with 7/2014 of Cabinet meeting held on 3 April 2014. All staffs from LFME ,156 numbers of total staffs including 56 officers and 100 other ranks , was added to LBVD and this department was amended as 4103 numbers of total staffs comprising 654 officers and 3449 other ranks.
  5. According to the decision of 5/2016 Cabinet Meeting of the Union Government held on 9 June 2016, Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department was reoriented with 978 officers, 3789 other ranks and the total number of staffs is 4767.

 

Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department

2017-2018 Fiscal Year

National Planning

 

 (Goal)

  1. Based on agriculture, livestock and fishery farming, to undertake to be sufficient the crops, meat and fishery products for domestic consumption and to be focus on the increasing of much benefit export products production and exportation.

 (Policies)

2.       Livestock policies are as follows:

 (a)    Land ownership, agro-livestock production and opportunity/ the rightpolicy

 (b)    Financial and material needs policy

 (c )   Research, technology, input and human resources policy

 (d)    Environmental conservation Policy

 (a)         Land ownership, agro-livestock production and opportunity policy

(1)  In livestock farming, facilitating to get the chances for farmers related with the land usage, empower and transferring (selling/ mortgaging/ hiring/ exchanging/ giving/ inheriting) in line with the existing law;

 (2) Undertaking the farmers to get the mandate freely for the usage of their owned land for the livestock farming as their selection according to the existing Law, and undertaking their selection to be firmed in line with the existing laws, rules and regulation;

 (3) Undertaking for the development of social-economic status by the organizing the famer groups, livestock breeder groups and cooperatives of livestock products, and by fulfilling their opportunities and benefits by livestock loans of these groups;

 (4) Undertaking to generate the Good Governance Mechanism leading to development of staff capacities and services.

  1. Financial and Material Needs Policy

            (1)  Supporting  to get  inputs and  finance that require for livestock farming; 

            (2)  Coordinating to get the installments for the using of the advanced livestock farming materials bylinkage of concerned  departments.

  1.   Research, Technology, Inputs and Human Resources Policy

Development)

(1)  Encouraging  to participate the private sector in the field of research and development and distribution of advanced technology by sector; 

 (2) Collaborating with international organizations to get advanced technology for livestock farming;

 (3) Undertaking the conservation  of genetic, production and maintenance of locally adaptive good breeds;

 (4) Generating the technician/ experts by sector and appointing effectively in  a certain field;

 (5) Establishing the Ministry Level  Livestock Research Council;

 (6) Conducting the vocational trainings to fulfill the requirement of the community animal health workers (CAHWs) in rural areas;

 (7) Undertaking the systematically usage of livestock materials, vaccines and medicines in line with international standard;

 (8) Undertaking to establish and upgrade the infrastructures that required for the production of qualified livestock products and inspection in order to be linkage of international markets and food safety.

 (9) Undertaking to develop the private sector by dissemination of bee keeping technology, increase production of  honey and bee products and increase exportation;

 (d)       Environmental conservation Policy

 (1) Undertaking to get the assistances from international and local organizations for providing in the fields of damages relief by natural disasters, technology access for establishment of climatic adapted farming system, infrastructure development as well as capacity development  of departments and organizations;

 (2) Providing to achieve the better responses of livestock farmers on social-economic status to the challenges of climate changes and natural disasters;

 (3) Collaborating in the field of bee pollination services for the improvement of productionand quality of crops.

3.       The objectives are as follows:

 (a)    To undertake for food security, well nutrition and food safety;

 (b)    To develop the livestock farmingsby the organization of smallholders based groups and cooperatives with new idea and vision and to upgrade the role of women in theseareas;

 (c )   To assist in order to get international and local grants and loans for the achievement of livestock product cooperative;

 (d)    To encourage the increased production of qualified meat and bee products for international markets;

 (e )   To link effectively in the sectors of production, service, trade as well as consumption for the development of  the overall value chain;

 (f)    To encourage the increasing of local and foreign investment in livestock sector.

 (g)    To participate and collaborate all stakeholders in the development of livestock sector and sustainable rural development activities.

Action Plans

4.       The action plans are as follows;

        (a)    Action plan for Land ownership and Management

                 (1)  The productivityimprovement of animals and animal products and market accesswill be performed at current livestock production zones as well as also vacant land, fallow land and wild land will be extended to implement livestock zones.

                 (2)    There will be linked with the companies, entrepreneur to performthelivestock production by product sharing system.

                 (3)  Rural Livestock Associations will be extended as village and township leveland will be set up as livestock product cooperative.

 (4) One Stop Shop (OSS) will be opened at (73) districts to fulfill the public’s need.

                 (5)  Maintenance and extension of pasture will be undertaken.

                 (6)  Basic animal census statistics data will be performed correctly.

        Activities

                 (1)  Management of livestock production zones will be followed by rules and regulations, the land on which livestock raising did not performed will be returned, conduction of livestock trainings, market access for livestock products will be performed by the to market in order to collaboration with Myanmar Livestock Federation.

                 (2)  Farmers will be organized together and then will be connected with manufacturers in order to assess market for livestock products, State owned farms and livestock industry to be implemented by product sharing system, cooperation with private company and organization by announcement on media.

 (3) Organizing of village agriculture and livestock cooperatives, livestock group (livestock bank), MyaSeinYaungLivestock Villagesand development of bee keeping will be performed.

                 (4)  Developing  of Animal Husbandry and Animal Health Law, livestock sector  policy, awareness of Law, Rules and Regulations, Notification to follow by farmers and cooperation with the concerned organization to take an action.

                 (5)   Negotiation with the concerned organizations for the pasture development.

                 (6)  Animal census data will be collected by the cooperation with relevant departments and organizationsevery year.

        (b)    Action Plan for Investment and Support of input

                 (1)  For the livestock sector development,coordination will be done to get local and foreign investment and technical assistance.  

              Activities

              (1)  International Aids and technical requirements will be made efforts to get for livestock development.

 (c )  Action Plan for Production and Importation of  High quality products, End products and Value Added products

      (Sanitary, Phytosanitary, Quarantine, Quality Inspection and Supervision)

                 (1)  Requirement for livestock products in line with Sanitary, Phyotosanitary, Quarantine, Quality Inspection and Supervision will be issued by the cooperation with international expert organizations.

                  (2)  Artificial Insemination services will be extended to rare pure animal breed and distribution of pure animal breed.

        Activities

              (1)  Standardfor feed, veterinary medical products will be developed cooperation with FAO, Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures for livestock products will be developed the collaboration with ASEAN.

              (2)  Establishment of Liquid Nitrogen Plant (Paungngu), establishment of frozen semen straw laboratory at Upper Myanmar (Mandalay) to extend the Artificial Insemination services, extension of  artificial insemination services systematically at State and Region, inspection the health of breeding bull for natural mating (Brucellosis and Tuberculosis), distribution of frozen semen straw, liquid nitrogen and materials to fulfill the requirement of State and Region will be carried out.

              (3)  Conducting the Artificial Insemination training of pig and undertaking to generate the good performance breed will be carried out.

    (d)  Action plan for  Research and Technology Development

            (1)  Upgrading and expansionof laboratory for the development of livestock infrastructure will be performed.

            (2)  Long-term plans for thegenerating of experts will be set up for the development of research, technology and human resources.

            (3)  Increasing  theextension activities for livestock farmers to follow the Good Animal Husbandry  Practice will be undertaken.

            (4)  Research works will be undertaken after the organization of Livestock Research Council at  Ministry Level and the issuing of the research policy.

            (5)   Research for production of qualified and good animal breed which is suitable and adaptable with climatic condition and market demand shall be enhanced.

            (6)  Applied processing technology  will be developed by research  for the reducing of waste in livestock products processing and  producing of  good quality products.

            (7)  Required Laws regarding to conservation of animal resources will be enacted for the improvement of animal breed upgrading, cross-breeding.

            (8)  Research works will be undertaken by an operating system that cooperate together among government organizations, private companies and non-government organizations.

Activities

 (1) Extension and upgrading of diagnostic laboratories for the development of livestock infrastructures

            (a)   Cooperation with OIE, FAO for the accreditation of laboratory by OIE,improving the capacity of  BSL- 2 laboratories in Yangon, Mandalay and Naypyitaw , upgrading  the veterinary assay laboratory, establishment of FMD vaccine production laboratory, upgrading of disease diagnostic laboratory and quarantine laboratory fortransboundary animal diseases.

            (b)  Vaccination of FMD vaccine supported by OIE in  18 project townships.

            (c )  Distribution of semen straws and pasture development activities by the support of New Zealand Government for the improvement of dairy farming .

            (d)  Undertaking to fulfill the plan of HaemorrhaegicSepticaemia, Anthrax and Foot and Mouth Disease vaccines for the prevention and control of animal infectious  diseases in all RegionsandStates.

           (e)    Implementation to get technical assistance for embryo transfer technology by the support of Italy Government.

           (f)    Prevention and control and surveillance of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI), Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza (LPAI), Porcine Respiratory and Reproductive Syndrome (PRRS) and reduction of rabies outbreak will be performed.

 (2)  Development of Research activities, Technology and Human resources

        (a)   Conducting of In-Service trainings

                         Conducting of the training on capacity upgrading for township veterinary officers and district veterinary officers, refresher course for district veterinary officers, training on skilled dairy farming, basic animal husbandry, upgrading and management of diagnostic laboratory, artificial insemination, basic bee keeping will be performed.

          (b)  Conducting vocational training

                Vocational training on livestock, training on animal health worker, basic artificial insemination, hatchery, pasture management, production technique of milk and milk products, basic livestock farming and infectious animal diseases by cooperation between LBVD and Department of Rural Development shall be conducted.              

          (c)  Improvement of artificial insemination and natural breeding, drawing the action plan of genetic conservation and reproduction farms for the conservation of native animal breeds, research activities on animal genetic for the conservation of native animal breedswill be carried out in six Regions,

 (e )Action plan for Environmental conservation

            (1)  Ecosystem and environmental conservation shall be implemented for sustainable livestock industry.

            (2)  There will be incorporated with technical committee,related departments and technicians for the conservation of genetic resources.

            (3)  There will be processed the development of   Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) and to apply  inlivestock farming.

Activities

 (1)    Systematic processing of  waste products from livestock farms, extension the widely application of  balanced feeding system, activities of genetic conservation and reproduction farms will be implemented systematically.

 (2)    DraftGood Animal Husbandry Practices for poultry (local and commercial breed), Good Animal Husbandry Practices for pig (local and exotic breed)(draft) are developed and to be endorsed  and Good Animal Husbandry Practices on  dairy cattle and goat/ sheep will be alsodeveloped.

***Division of Apiculture***

Link to: http://www.lbvd.gov.mm

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