Background

1.         In 1874, the Municipal Act was promulgated and Municipal Committees were formed in 7 big towns including Yangon. Urban development works have been started since then. In 1898, the Municipal Act was revised and made a more comprehensive one. More Municipal Committees and Town Committees were formed and town development works were carried out extensively.

2.         In order to undertake rural development works effectively, the Rural Self-Government Act was promulgated in 1921 and District Councils were then constituted. For the far-flung districts lagging behind in development, the District Commissioner's Local Funds were also constituted.

3.         In 1972, before 1974 State Constitution was promulgated, the New Administration was introduced. Since then, the District Councils and the District Commissioner's Local Funds, which had been constituted on the district basis, were abolished, and Township Development Committees were formed as integrated organizations responsible for carrying out both urban and rural development works.

4.         The newly reconstituted Township Development Committees were taken charge by the General Administration Department under the Ministry of Home and Religious Affairs.

5.         In 1993, the Development Committees Law was promulgated on the 1st, April under Law No.5/93 of State Law and Order Restoration Council. The Department of Development Affairs was formed on the 30th of January 1994. With effect from January 30, 1994, the Department of Development Affairs, under the Ministry of Progress of Border Areas and National Races and Development Affairs was taking charge of the Township Development Committees.

6.         On April 2011, with respect to the provision of Constitution of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the Ministry of Progress of Border Areas and National Races and Development Affairs was renamed as the Ministry of Border Affairs (MOBA). On June 2012, DDA was renamed as DRD and her organization structure was compacted. Meanwhile, the main focus development activity was shifted from both urban and rural development measures to only rural development one.  

7.         To implement the rural development tasks in line with the people-centred approach, to construct the rural infrastructure, to uplift the socio-economic life of rural people and to fulfil the necessary actions for poverty reduction, DRD was established with 8 divisions in head quarter, 14 offices and 2 sub-offices of state and region departments, 60 offices of district departments and 284 offices of township departments in accordance with the approval of cabinet meeting number (22/2013) which was held on 11th July 2013.

8.         In accordance with the president's office notification (67/203) on 9th August 2013, the name of the Ministry of Livestock and Fishery was changed to the Ministry of Livestock, Fishery and Rural Development (MOLFRD) and DRD was shifted from under the Ministry of Border Affairs to that MOLFRD.

9.         Since 30th March 2016, the new government re-established many ministries and the three ministries of Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Ministry of Co-operative and Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development were organized together as Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation. As a result, DRD was also moved to that new ministry.

Vision and Policy

10.       In accord with the organizational reform, a paradigm shift is also taking place. Firstly, previously practiced top-down development approach was kept far away and bottom-up approach is exercised. Secondly,  resource-based development strategy was left behind and human resource-based strategy is applied. In this context, the improvement of socioeconomic life of rural populace is denoted as the vision of DRD. 

11.  To achieve this vision, DRD will implement the development tasks in accordance with the all inclusiveness of stakeholders and sustainable development policies.

Objectives

12.       The objectives of the establishment of Department of Rural Development are as below:

            (a)       Sustainable Rural Development

            (b)       To improve socioeconomic life of rural populace

Tasks

13.       In order to achieve the stated objectives, the Department of Rural Development set up 12 mains rural development tasks. These are as below:

            (a)       Construction and maintenance of rural feeder roads and Bridges connecting one village to another, village to town and inter-districts roads;

            (b)       Provision of rural safe drinking water;

            (c)       Undertaking work for rural sanitation;

            (d)       Construction of rural housing;

            (e)       Undertaking rural electrification works through renewable

                        energy sources;

            (f)        Intervention for the promotion of productive activities in

                       rural areas;

            (g)       Creation and promotion of rural economy;

           (h)       Launching microfinance program for rural households;

            (i)        Addressing human resources development in rural areas;

            (j)        Preservation of rural cultures and traditions;

            (k)       Formulation and implementation of strategic development plans with the aims of narrow down the socioeconomic gap between urban rural areas;

            (l)        Taking appropriate measures which assist the 8-tasks National Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation Program.      

Structure of DRD

14.       The Department of Rural Development, under the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation, is the government body which takes responsible for formulation and implementation of rural development works across the country. DRD head office is located in Nay Pyi Taw and her branch offices are speared the whole country. On another word, DRD set up a branch office in each and every township.

15.       At present, under the control and supervision of the Department of Rural Development, there are 15 State and Region Department of Rural Development including Nay Pyi Taw Union Territory, 2 Branch Offices of the State Department of Rural Development, 67 Offices of District Department of Rural Development, 292 Offices of Township Department of Rural Development and one National Races Village.

16.       The Department of Rural Development (Head Quarter) is established by organizing 8 divisions and 17 sub-divisions as follows;

            (a)       Rural Social Development and Administration Division

                        (aa) Rural Social Development Sub_ Division

                        (bb) Administration Sub_ Division

            (b)       Rural Economy and Finance Division

                        (aa) Rural Economy Sub_ Division

                        (bb) Budget Sub_ Division

            (c)       Planning and International Relation Division

                        (aa) Planning Sub_ Division

                        (bb) International Relation Sub_ Division

                        (cc) Project Assessment Sub_ Division

            (d)       Poverty Reduction Support Division

                        (aa) Poverty Reduction Support Sub_ Division

                        (bb) Record and Information Sub_ Division

            (e)       Rural Road and Bridge Division

                        (aa) Road and Bridge Sub_ Division

                        (bb) Measuring and Drawing Sub_ Division

            (f)        Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Division

                        (aa) Water Supply Sub_ Division

                        (bb) Sanitation Sub_ Division

            (g)       Rural Electrification and Housing Division

                        (aa) Electrification Sub_ Division

                        (bb) Housing Sub_ Division

            (h)       Procurement and Logistic Division

                        (aa) Procurement Sub_ Division

                        (bb) Logistic Sub_ Division

Fig:1 Organization Structure of the Department of Rural Development

Location of DRD

17.       Head Quarter of the DRD is based at the ground floor of the Office No (14) of the Ministry of Ethnic Affair, Nay Pyi Taw. The address of the official website is www.drdmyanmar.org and everyone can visit that website to know about the DRD.

Link to: http://www.drdmyanmar.org

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